Geert Hofstede

Portrait Image of Geert Hofstede (Prof)

Professor Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture.

Through the publication of his scholarly book Culture's Consequences (1980, new edition 2001), Geert Hofstede (1928) became the founder of comparative intercultural research. His most popular book, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind (1991, newest edition 2010, co-authored with Gert Jan Hofstede and Michael Minkov), has so far been translated into approximately 20 languages. Geert Hofstede's articles have been published in social science and management journals around the world. He is recognised internationally for having developed the first empirical model of “dimensions“ of national culture, thus establishing a new paradigm for taking account of cultural elements in international economics, communication and cooperation. Later, he also developed a model for organisational cultures.

Through his varied and numerous academic and cultural activities in many different countries, Hofstede can be regarded as one of the leading representatives of intercultural research and studies. The findings of his research and his theoretical ideas are used worldwide in both psychology and management studies.

Geert Hofstede’s personal website


Professor Geert Hofstede conducted perhaps the most comprehensive study of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. He analysed a large database of employee values scores collected by IBM, between 1967 and 1973, covering more than 70 countries, from which he first used the 40 largest only and afterwards extended the analysis to 50 countries and 3 regions. In the editions of Geert Hofstede's work since 2001, scores are listed for 76 countries and regions, partly based on replications and extensions of the IBM study on different international populations.

Many researchers have followed Hofstede's paradigm. Some have developed new research instruments for comparing country samples, others have replicated  Geert's research, using updated versions of the IBM questionnaire on which his original study was based. These are  known as Values Survey Modules (VSM); there has been a VSM82, a VSM94 and a VSM08; the most recent version is the VSM2013.

Researchers wishing to work with the Hofstede paradigm are strongly advised to read more on Geert Hofstede’s personal website:

This website,, uses copyrighted information from Professor Geert Hofstede’s books, for which itim International has been licensed by Professor Hofstede. Itim cannot give permission to third persons to use this information in publications, and our website cannot be used as a reference.

References should be made to one or both of the original sources:

Permission requests can be send to Geert Hofstede BV at

Geert Hofstede Documentary “An Engineer's Odyssey"



The documentary is a personal portrait of Geert Hofstede and in it he tells us about his personal and professional life and reflects on the relationship between the two. He shares with us the experience of a lifetime, focusing on the past and including his ideas on today’s developments.

It tells of his personal odyssey, it is the story of a man who is regarded as “one of the most influential thinkers of our times”. Hofstede Geert Hofstede

The documentarians had full access to Geert Hofstede’s personal archives and films. These materials, along with long interviews with Professor Hofstede and his colleagues, friends and family made it possible to acquire an in-depth view of the person behind the research. The documentary’s reflective, critical, interested and respectful approach resulted in a personal portrait of Geert Hofstede and his odyssey through the different phases of his life.


This unprecedented access to Geert Hofstede and those close to him provided a full picture of how an engineer became one of the most controversial and quoted social scientists of our time. The film covers which factors led to the creation of a comprehensive and controversial cultural model that has driven discussion between researchers, educators, students and professionals around the world. It gives a full account of his motivations, drive and the challenges he had to overcome as his life’s work gained international acclaim as well as the effect it had on his personal and professional life.


The initiative for this important documentary was taken by the Geert Hofstede Consortium, itim International and Sietar Netherlands in association with Siegmund Audiovisuele Produkties. These associates understood the significance of recording for posterity the story of this incredibly influential and respected international guru.

Made by award-winning filmmaker, Marcel Siegmund, a social filmmaker who has years of experience in capturing and conveying people’s stories so that they move the heart and draw the eyes and ears. The documentary could not have made without the financial support of the sponsors, and we are very grateful to them for making it possible.


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